Arun Veterinary Group

We have created some useful guides outlining management advice and treatment strategies for some of the more common medical conditions

  • Atopic Dermatitis
  • Feline Hyperthyroidism
  • Cushings disease
  • Arthritis
  • What is atopic dermatitis?

    Atopic dermatitis is a chronic condition causing extreme allergic reactions in the skin, thus causing the skin to become red, hot, inflamed and painful. The skin can also become pruritic (itchy) and there may be hair loss. Your pet may appear very itchy.

    Atopic dermatitis is commonly seen around the eyes, under the armpits, around the groin and anus as well as around the feet and under the tummy.

    What can cause atopic dermatitis?

    Your pet could be susceptible to a variety of antigens including:

     

    • Dust mites
    • Pollen
    • Animal danders (such as hair and skin cells)
    • Mould spores
    What can I do for my pet?

    Our team will advise what tests are best suited to your pet to diagnose the cause of the dermatitis and the treatment may depend on the findings.
    If we prescribe medication for the condition please make sure you read the label in full before administering the treatment to your pet. Most allergies are lifelong and depending on the nature of the allergy, environmental changes may be required.

    At home you can bathe your pet in cool water and use medicated shampoos tailored to your pet’s condition and symptoms. We will need to re examine your pet to assess the effectiveness of the medication and evaluate the treatment course.

  • What is the thyroid gland?

    The thyroid gland is located near the trachea (throat) and it is responsible for producing hormones, which control metabolic rate.

    What is hyperthyroidism?

    Hyperthyroidism is the term used to describe an overactive thyroid gland, which leads to an increased metabolic rate. This is a very common condition in the older cat. Your pet may present with:

    • Increased appetite and associated weight loss
    • Increased drinking and urination
    • Hyperactivity
    What can I do for my pet?

    Hyperthyroidism can be treated medically or surgically and we will discuss the best treatment plan for your pet, tailored to your preferences. If we prescribe medication be sure to read the label and follow the instructions carefully.

    It is important to monitor your cat’s thyroid hormone levels, which is achieved by taking a blood sample and measuring the amount of the hormone present. The vet responsible for your pet’s care will advise you on how often to bring your pet in for reassessments.

  • What is Cushing's disease?

    Cushing’s Disease is an endocrine disease otherwise known as hyperadrenocorticism. This occurs as a result of excessive cortisol. Cortisol is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands (which are located near the kidneys) and it is responsible for protein and carbohydrate metabolism in the body.

    What symptoms might I notice when my pet is suffering from Cushing’s disease?

    Your pet may present with:

    • Increased thirst and urination
    • Pot-bellied abdomen
    • Increased hunger with obesity
    • Alopecia and thin, weakened skin
    • Panting
    • Weakness
    What is the Endocrine System?

    The Endocrine system consists of a series of glands located around the body responsible for secreting hormones to target organs. Problems may arise when too much or too little of a hormone is secreted. In the case of Cushing’s disease there is too much cortisol produced.

    What causes this increase in cortisol production?

    Excessive cortisol production can be due to either a benign tumour in the pituitary gland (located in the brain and responsible for controlling hormone production in the body) or the adrenal gland.

    What can I do for my pet?

    We will advise you on the best course of action for your pet. Cushing’s disease can be treated medically and will require regular blood tests to monitor progress. If we believe that surgical intervention is required we will discuss an appropriate treatment plan with you.

  • What is arthritis?

    Arthritis is a condition affecting one or more joints. Your pet may present with lameness and exercise intolerance. Arthritis isn’t confined to the older pet, it can be seen in young animals too, depending on the cause.

    How is the joint damaged?

    The cartilage between the joints  is similar to a cushion, acting as a shock absorber and helping to increase the range of movement in the joint.

    When the cartilage wears down it can be uncomfortable and painful for your pet.

    What are the signs of arthritis?

    The signs of arthritis include:

    • lameness
    • pain
    • difficulty getting up
    • loss of interest to walk or play
    What can I do for my pet?

    The treatment available for your pet depends on the underlying cause of the arthritis. We can prescribe a variety of treatments for your pet, which will alleviate the symptoms and make your pet more comfortable.

    Provide soft, thick bedding at home and place beds in an easily accessible place (i.e. dog bed downstairs and cat bed on a low surface)

    Encourage regular controlled exercise and avoid walks in cold, damp weather as this can make joints stiff and uncomfortable.

    We will discuss a range of other treatment modalities with you including acupuncture, hydrotherapy and physiotherapy.

    Our team may also advise dietary adjustment if your pet is overweight as obesity can also hinder arthritis.

    There are also supplements available at each practice that can help aid joint support. Please speak to your vet or one of the nurses for more information.

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